Chargebacks and Retrievals
When a credit card transaction is disputed (either at the request of the Cardholder or by a card Issuer), you may receive a chargeback. If a chargeback occurs, the amount of the original sale and a chargeback fee will be deducted from the ACH deposit into your account.
A chargeback begins when a buyer contacts their card issuer to dispute a transaction. The chargeback is passed through the applicable payment network to the seller. Your account will be charged at the time the chargeback is received. When the seller receives the chargeback, it will include a “respond by” date. Since the payment networks only allow a limited amount of time to respond to a chargeback, it is critical that any response be provided by this date. In some cases, chargebacks can be “re-presented,” in other words information can be presented back to the cardholder’s card issuer disputing the chargeback. Below are the most common scenarios where re-presentment is feasible. The ultimate decision of whether or not to accept the re-presentment rests with the cardholder’s bank. Potential re-presentment scenarios include:
- If the chargeback reason is “non-receipt of merchandise” and signed proof of delivery is available, the chargeback can be re-presented with a copy of the delivery confirmation including the signature and the complete address that the item was delivered to.
- If the chargeback reason is “credit not processed” and the customer has already received a refund, the chargeback can be re-presented along with a copy of the cancelled check or the credit card refund information.
- If the chargeback reason is “fraud” and proof of delivery to the buyer’s billing address is available and a complete address verification match was received, the chargeback can be re-presented with a copy of the proof of delivery.
- If the chargeback reason is quality-related, e.g. “not as described” or “defective merchandise” and the seller has not received the merchandise back, the chargeback can be re-presented with the statement that the merchandise has not been returned.
If you receive a chargeback, read the chargeback carefully and see if you are able to provide the requested information. For example, for a “credit not issued” chargeback, the cardholder is stating they are entitled to a refund, but have not received one. In this case, if you receive a “credit not issued” chargeback but have already sent a refund check to the customer, you can provide a copy of the front and back of the cancelled check. In all cases, good documentation is key.
Some of the reasons for chargebacks may include:
- Merchandise is damaged in transit and arrives broken
- Merchandise was not as described
- Merchandise was defective
- The service was not properly done
- The cardholder did not receive the service they were charged for
- A cardholder returns the merchandise but has not received a refund
- A cardholder disputes a transaction as a fraudulent use of their card
A retrieval request occurs when your customer requests more information about a transaction that appears on his or her credit card statement.
A customer contacts his or her credit card issuer to initiate the request. This is often due to an item showing on their credit card statement that may not have a clear descriptive name or phrase identifying the product purchased, the service received, or the name of the merchant.
No, a retrieval request is just a request for information. The amount of a retrieval request is not deducted from your bank account or your next ACH deposit.